Institute of Zoology
Zoological studies in Georgia were launched in 1932 with the establishment of the Transcaucasian Zoological Sector, later to become the Georgian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1941, it was transformed into the Institute of Zoology of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. Since then the Institute has focused its activity on three main fields:
- Fundamental study of Georgia’s fauna;
- Practical application of research results;
- Educational activities
Since 2009, the Institute has constituted an organizational unit of Ilia State University and has operated in a traditional way
Fundamental studies conducted at the Institute deal with the diversity of vertebrate and invertebrate animals and animal systematics using karyological and biochemical analysis, and address issues relating to zoogeography, ecology, reintroduction and conservation. Apart from that, entomofauna, animal parasite varieties, and biological productivity of ecosystems of natural and artificial water reservoirs of Georgia are studied.
The Institute has built up a collection of specimens representing almost all animal groups present in Georgia (20 thousand specimens).
Current research interests of the Institute include:
- The formation of Georgian fauna and zoogeography;
- The formation and evolution of the species;
- Biodiversity in protected areas;
- Animal ecology and ethology;
- Conservation of biodiversity.
The findings of the research conducted at the Institute are presented in the series Works of the Institute of Zoology (23 volumes). In addition, the following collections have been published: Works on Georgian Fauna; Collected Works on Parasitology; Hydrobiology and Ichthyology of Internal Reservoirs of Georgia, Ontogenetic Development of Animals, etc. The researchers of the Institute have also authored monographs and popular science papers, as well as articles in top-ranking scientific journals.
The research done at the Institute focuses on the development of biologically based methods for pest control in agriculture. Fundamental research in this area has led to the development of methodology for combatting harmful insects with nematodes. At present, the product devised is under testing.
The Institute is also carrying out applied research for the protection of potato and citrus crops from harmful nematodes. It closely cooperates with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Georgia in the areas of protection and rational use of wildlife.
The Institute also serves academic purposes providing courses for undergraduate and doctoral level students.
In addition to the head office located in Tbilisi, the Institute has a hydrobiological station near the Tbilisi Sea, as well as biological stations in Kutaisi, Western Georgia and in Akhaldaba, Borjomi District.
The organizational arrangement of the Institute comprises 6 research groups centering upon the following research topics:
- Vertebrate Animals;
- The Study of Entomopathogens;
- Hydrobiology and ichthyology;
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